Hopefully, before reading this article on the Treaty of Salbai, you read about the first maratha war, because it is a succession of stories and you will not be able to know what the context of this treaty was if you know nothing of the first maratha war. Mahadaji Sindhia reached an agreement with the English in October 1781, with which he agreed to negotiate a contract with the English with the Poona Council. Negotiations began in early 1782 and the Treaty of Salbai was signed between the English and the Maraten on 17 May 1782. May 1782 signed by representatives of the Maratha Empire and the British East India Company after lengthy negotiations over the outcome of the First Anglo-Maratha War between Warren Hastings and Mahadaji Scindia. Under its terms, the company retained control of Salsette and Broach and obtained guarantees that the marates would defeat Hyder Ali of Mysore and take over territory in the Carnatic. The marates also guaranteed that the French would be banned from building colonies on their territory. In exchange, the British agreed to fire their protégé Raghunath Rao and to recognize Madhavrao II as Peshwa of the Maratha Empire. The British also recognized the territorial claims of Mahadji Shinde west of the Jumna River and all British-occupied territories under the Treaty of Purndar were returned to the Othas. The Treaty of Salbai led to 20 years of relative peace between the Maratha Empire and the East India Company until the outbreak of the Second Anglo-Maratha War in 1802. [1] Devudiya Anderson entered into salbai`s contract on behalf of the East India Company.

[2] Answer: The Salbai Agreement was signed between the East India Company and the Maratha Empire in 1782, and according to the agreement, the territories of Salsette and Broach would be under British control and Hyder Ali of Mysore would be defeated by the Marathes, allowing the acquisition of the Carnic region. The English began successfully and, on 18 May 1775, they defeated an army of marathas at Arra. However, the English Council of Calcutta did not appreciate this adventure of the Bombay government. That is why the Council of Calcutta has instructed Colonel Upton to negotiate peace terms with the Marates of Poona. After three months of bitter discussions, Purandhar`s contract between the two parties was signed on 1 March 1776. It was agreed that the English and the marates would keep peace on all fronts and that the English would keep only Salsette and in return abandon the cause of Raghunath Rao, who would receive a monthly pension from the Peshwa. Dodwell said: “The Treaty of Salbai marked a turning point in the history of English rule in India.” That`s an exaggeration, of course. The English won nothing more than Salsette. They were plunged into an extreme financial situation. They were able to escape a “desperate period of distress,” as Warren Hastings put it. Of course, it was a bold attempt by the English to gain supremacy in India.

But the marates successfully opposed it. Yet the results of the war were certainly in favour of the English. They kept Salsette. In addition, it has been proven that national rules cannot function within the association and that there are also divisions in the Maratha camp. It encouraged the British. They had successfully fought against the most powerful indigenous power in India. Therefore, the treaty was certainly “an important step” in India`s history. The maraths also guaranteed that there would be no French colony. But the British government in Bombay was not in the mood to respect the terms of the treaty and to continue to offer protection to Raghunath Rao. Meanwhile, the court refused Purandhar`s contract and insisted on keeping Bassein. Warren Hastings, the Governor General, was also persuaded by the Bombay government to reject the Treaty of Purandhar.



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